By Arne Naess
The deep ecology movement did not appear like a bolt out of the blue. In this article from 1991, Arne Naess traces its history, mentioning the publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring in 1963 as a defining moment. Forerunners can also be found much earlier, for example in Romanticism from the time of Goethe. More recent developments within cultural anthropology also had a key influence.