The Call of the Mountain:
Arne Naess and the Deep Ecology Movement
Directed by Jan van Boeckel
Produced by Karin van der Molen/Pat van Boeckel
ReRun Productions, The Netherlands
Synopsis: On 1500 meters above sea level, on the slope of the mountain Hallingskarvet, stands “Tvergastein’, the cabin of Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess. In his life he has spent nearly 12 years in this hut, where he wrote several books and essays on philosophy and ecology. In this film, Naess tells about the concept of ‘deep ecology’, which was first introduced by him in 1973. One of the basic tenets of deep ecology is that nature has a value in itself, apart from its possible use value to humans. Next to being a famous mountaineer, Naess has been a longtime activist in the environmental movement.
He gives an inspiring account of his participation in blockades to prevent the Alta river in northern Norway (the area of the Sami, an indigenous people) from being dammed.
With contributions by Helena Norberg-Hodge, Vandana Shiva, Bill Devall, George Sessions and Harold Glasser.
Crossing the Stones: A Portrait of Arne Naess
Directed by Jan Horne
Produced by Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation
From a childhood during the First World War through the study of psychoanalysis in Freud’s Vienna, through the mid-century hardening of ideologies to the most recent decades with the emergence of ecology as a political force, his exuberant life in the throes of nature has always been characterized by a drive to embrace precise and clear thinking in the face of the great contemporary dilemmas.
Deeply touched by the thought of Spinoza and Gandhi, he coined the term “deep ecology” to express a vision of the world in which we protect the environment as a part of ourselves, never in opposition to humanity. Deep sensitivity to nature is the articulation of something that every child understands. And for Naess, knowledge of the deepest kind should bind humanity to nature, and not push us further away from the tactile object of its study.